by Benjamin Hoff (Dutton 1992)
This is the sequel to and companion of The Tao of Pooh, which I re-read and blogged about recently. Pooh’s friend Piglet (“a very small animal”) exemplifies virtue in action: “a quality of special character, spiritual strength, or hidden potential. . . that comes from the Inner Nature of things. . .”
Say what? Hoff points out that Piglet “agonizes” over everything, unlike Pooh, who simply is. He represents the underdog, the unfortunate, the outcast, the maligned in society, who traditionally have been appreciated and protected by the Taoists, who see “Heavenly Power at work in the world” as primarily feminine: gentle, humble, generous, subtle–kind of like Piglet, if you think about it. Humble Piglet longs to be important, and at the end of The House at Pooh Corner, he achieves this goal. Hoff points out that of all the characters in Winnie the Pooh, Piglet is the only one to develop into something more than he is at the beginning, which he manages to do by “applying” his smallness for the benefit of others.
Eeyore again personifies the pessimist who is never satisfied. Tigger is the overachiever, the seeker of instant gratification (the typical Westerner). Hoff reminds us that these kinds of personalities will never achieve either wisdom or happiness, because they are incapable of being satisfied with what they have.
Hoff also rants about the media, education, feminism, science and technology, nuclear devices, Chinese inventions vs. Western ones (the same things, but centuries earlier)–which I could have done without. He mourns the destruction of the environment. He prefers the natural (“material”) world to the artificial (man-made) one. That sounds great, and I am all for living a natural life in theory, but I must confess I like living in a house and sleeping in a bed, and running water, and a lot of things that are completely unnatural, but to which I have become accustomed!
Hoff summarizes Taoist teachings thusly: Observe, Deduce, Apply. Look at things with a fresh eye. See the basic parts of things, connections between things, patterns. Use the natural laws that operate in these things. In this way, Hoff advises, “you will learn the morality of modesty, moderation, compassion, and consideration. . . , the wisdom of seeing things as they are (not of merely collecting ‘facts’ about them), and the happiness of being in harmony with the Way.” So we should see things as they are, without judging them. And like Piglet, we should cultivate in ourselves the power of the Sensitive, the Modest, and the Small.
Taoists take a negative and change it into a positive: “You work with whatever comes your way. If others throw bricks at you, build a house. If they throw tomatoes, start a vegetable stand. You can often change a situation simply by changing your attitude toward it.” Hoff gives Charles Dickens as an example of this. Having experienced poverty and brutality, he created stories which entertained people while gently exposing them to the concept of social injustice; in the end, his readers began to see the poor in a different light, and society began to change for the better.
In the end, as you know if you have read The House at Pooh Corner, Piglet summons the courage to save the day when Owl’s tree falls, trapping Owl, Pooh, and Piglet inside. Later, Pooh composes a Hum to commemorate Piglet’s heroism. Piglet has achieved his wish, but he remains modest and self-effacing.